Agra is famous as being home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World Taj Mahal. The architectural splendors of the mausoleums, the fort and the palaces are a vivid reminder of the capital in the 16th and early 17th centuries.
While its significance as a political center ended with the transfer of the capital to Delhi in 1634 by Shah Jahan, its architectural wealth has secured its place on the international map. A pleasant town with comparatively slow pace, Agra is known for its superb inlay work on marble and sand stone by craftsmen who are descendants of those who worked under the Mughals. The city is also famous for its carpets, gold thread embroidery and leather shoes.
Taj Mahal on the bank of River Yamuna is one of the Seven Wonders of the World . It was built by the fifth Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan in 1631 in memory of his second wife, Mumtaz Mahal, a Muslim Persian Princess. It took 22 years and twenty thousand people to build this magnificent wonder of the world.
Agra Fort built by the great Emperor Akbar in 1565 A.D. is a masterpiece of design and construction. Within the fort are a number of exquisite buildings, including the Moti Masjid, Diwani-E-Khaas and Msanman Burj, where the Emperor Shah Jahan died in imprisonment, beside Jahangirs place, Khass Mahal and the Sheesh Mahal.
Itmad-id-Daula was build by the empress Noor Jehan as a memorial to her father Mirza Ghiyas Beg. The monument is beautifully ornamented with pietra dura inlay and lattice work marble screens.
Sikandra Fort 12 km from Agra , is the tomb of Emperor Akbar. Begun by the emperor himself and completed by his son Jehangir, this richly decorated structure is a quaint mixture of styles.